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Arachne

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You have no idea how much hatred boils beneath us. The spiteful thoughts of so many monsters trying to reach the Athena Parthenos and destroy it. My webbing is the only thing holding the room together, girl! One false step, and you’ll fall all the way to Tartarus—and believe me, unlike the Doors of Death, this would be a one-way trip, a very hard fall! I will not have you dying before you tell me your plan for my artwork.

–Arachne to Annabeth, in The Mark of Athena

Arachne was once a mortal weaver of unparalleled skill, but she became prideful and arrogant from all the praise she received for her work. She later challenged Athena to a contest to see who was truly the best weaver. Though there were different variations of the story of the contest, there was one similarity shared by all: Athena ended up transforming Arachne into the first spider and made her immortal. Hence, Arachne's name came to mean "spider" in Greek.

Percy Jackson's Greek Gods

History

In the times of Ancient Greece, Arachne lived in a kingdom called Lydia (now called Turkey in the modern era) and was the daughter of lower-class wool-dyers.

Though her parents died when she was young, leaving her with neither family, nor friends, nor fortune, Arachne still became the most famous girl because of her skills: she could weave exquisitely with effortless ease, and had a particular proficiency in making tapestries, which could only be afforded by the wealthiest personages in those times. Soon, even the nymphs left their woods and their streams to join the common folk in admiring her weaving, for her tapestries truly were more beautiful than nature, being vivid and lifelike.

However, all the praise Arachne received went to her head and, eventually, she became so conceited that she claimed she owed no thanks to Athena (the very goddess who had invented weaving) for her talent, and that Athena could actually learn from her if she were to engage in a weaving contest with her. Athena was offended when she heard this but still decided to give Arachne a chance to redeem herself. Assuming the form of a feeble old woman, she joined the crowd that admired Arachne's weaving and, after acknowledging to herself that the girl was indeed talented, she warned her not to offend the gods, but to humble herself and ask for forgiveness for dishonoring them in her arrogance. Arachne scoffed at her, persisting that she owed Athena no thanks and that she actually wished for a weaving contest between her and the goddess so she could prove her skill. Provoked to the breaking point, Athena dropped her disguise and the contest began.

Athena's tapestry depicted the gods in all their glory, wise mortals honoring the gods in the appropriate manner, and - possibly as an indirect warning to Arachne - infamous mortals who had dared to compare themselves to the gods being punished with either transmutation or death. Arachne's tapestry, on the other hand, featured all the wrong and foolish things that the gods had done, such as Zeus kidnapping the Princess Europa in the form of a bull, Poseidon as a stallion pursuing Demeter as a white mare, and so on.
ArachneGG

Arachne in Percy Jackson's Greek Gods

When the tapestries were completed, the crowd was absolutely silent as both were incredible: Athena's was majestic, breathtaking, and radiated the power of the Olympian gods, while Arachne's was "the most scathing critique of the gods ever created", but still exquisite.

Athena was forced to admit that the contest was a tie, for Arachne's craftsmanship was genuinely flawless, but she was still enraged by how the girl had disrespected the gods through her tapestry. Taking the shuttle out of her loom, she started to beat Arachne mercilessly, and the crowd, in turn, started to laugh and mock at Arachne's humiliation in the hands of the goddess.

When Athena's anger subsided and she saw the crowd scorning Arachne, she turned her wrath upon them instead, but the damage was still done - Arachne knew that she would never be able to take pleasure in weaving (her only joy in life) ever again, and the townspeople she had tried so hard to please had turned against her as well. Consumed by shame, hatred, and self-pity, Arachne made a rope and tried to hang herself.

Her act of suicide caused Athena to pity her, and so she transformed her into a spider, allowing her and her descendants to weave forever. However, from that very moment on, spiders shared a mutual hatred with Athena, and they also despised humans as Arachne was never able to forget her shame and anger at being ridiculed.

-Athena-

Athena, Arachne's greatest rival

In the Series

Some time after the Romans brought the Athena Parthenos back to Rome, they brought it underground in a secret area. Arachne eventually made her lair here and wrapped the statue in her spider silk in order to contain and hide its magical properties. For centuries, children of Athena would venture to this place using the Mark of Athena to "avenge Athena," but all were killed by Arachne's traps. Otis and Ephialtes would also help Arachne, collecting trophies from those they killed while helping Arachne.

Percy Jackson and the Olympians

The Lightning Thief

While Arachne is never seen, it is shown several times that children of Athena have a fear of Arachne's children, the spiders (known as arachnophobia). Annabeth Chase is so scared of spiders that she even has problems with anything that looks like them. When Ares sends Percy Jackson, Annabeth, and Grover Underwood to Waterland, they were attacked by tiny mechanical spiders that were made by Hephaestus. Later, when Annabeth is so entranced by a Sim City type game in The Lotus Hotel and Casino, Percy has to say the word "spider" to get her out of her trance.

The Heroes of Olympus

The Mark of Athena

Arachne appears as the final obstacle in Annabeth's way as she follows the Mark of Athena to the Athena Parthenos. The statue is kept in Arachne's chamber, which is covered with spiderwebs and Arachne's own woven tapestries. Arachne's tapestries, according to Annabeth, are the most beautiful she's ever seen (one of them depicts Percy and Annabeth's first underwater kiss as if she'd been there watching them). Arachne is seen to be in collaboration with Ephialtes and Otis, who seem to fear her despite being immortal giants.

When Annabeth arrives in Arachne's chamber, the spider woman initially plans on killing her. Arachne tells Annabeth that she was a far better weaver than Athena and shows Annabeth her tapestries. Annabeth knows that she can not defeat Arachne in combat so she uses Arachne's fatal flaw, hubris, against her, luring her mother's nemesis into the idea that Annabeth, as Chief Architect of Olympus, could arrange for Arachne's work to be displayed on Mount Olympus, even in the Hall of the Gods itself. Annabeth tells Arachne that she is no longer her mother's side since her mother's Roman form practically disowned her. Temptingly accepting the offer, Arachne agrees. However, she adds that Arachne will have to prove herself with a weaving challenge, and tricks Arachne into weaving monster-sized Chinese spider cuffs. Claiming she spots a flaw inside, Annabeth tricks Arachne into entering the Chinese spidercuffs, whereupon Arachne is trapped. Afterward, she is tricked into admitting that she'd have killed Annabeth anyway.

120px-Annabeth (1)

Annabeth, a daughter of Athena who defeated Arachne.

However, after Annabeth taunts Arachne with the knowledge that the Athena Parthenos will be restored to Mount Olympus, and that Arachne has inadvertently helped Athena, Arachne becomes outraged and threatens Annabeth. Arachne begins to bring down the entire chamber, opening a pit directly to Tartarus, saying that if she were to die, Annabeth would go with her. Though Arachne falls down into the eternal darkness, she manages to ensnare Annabeth and drag her along to the edge of the pit. Percy grabs hold of Annabeth, but knows their friends will never be able to save them, and he himself cannot sever Arachne's silk, which is still bound around Annabeth's ankle. Percy tells Nico di Angelo to come and meet them at the Doors of Death. Percy lets go of the ledge, and he and Annabeth fall with Arachne into Tartarus.

The House of Hades

As Annabeth and Percy fall into Tartarus, Annabeth wonders in disbelief if Arachne has reached Tartarus or is even still alive. Shortly after the two arrive in the worst part of the Underworld, Annabeth sees an Italian Fiat which she saw fall into Tartarus after the Argo II destroyed the ceiling of Arachne's lair, which has been scratched and partially destroyed by Arachne. Annabeth reacts angrily to Arachne's survival and suspects that she has fled to heal her wounds.

A short time later, Arachne attempts to kill Annabeth as she and Percy drink from the river Phlegethon to heal their wounds. Since Annabeth is turned away from her and facing Percy, Annabeth only realizes Arachne's presence when Percy's eyes widen in fear. Annabeth turns around to see Arachne jumping at her, but is paralyzed by Arachne's sickly sweet scent and is unable to react. Luckily, Percy reacts quick enough to slice Arachne with Riptide and kill her. Neither Percy or Annabeth had any idea how long Arachne would stay dead and they didn't have intentions of finding out, so they quickly begin moving to find the Doors of Death.

Trivia

  • Arachne and Annabeth share the same fatal flaw, hubris.
  • The word arachnid, meaning "spider," comes from Arachne's name.
Monsters
Species: Centaur | Cyclopes | Dragon | Drakon | Eidolons | Empousa | Fire-Breathing Horse | Giants | Gorgon | Harpy | Hyperborean Giant | Ichthyocentaur | Karpoi | Katobleps | Laistrygonian Giant | Lycanthrope | Merpeople | Nikai | Nymphs | Pegasus | Satyr | Skolopendra | Stymphalian Birds | Telekhine
Friendly Monsters: Argus | Blackjack | Briares | Chiron | Don | Ella | Festus | Gleeson Hedge | Gray |Grover Underwood | Hippocampus | Mellie | Mrs. O'Leary | Ophiotaurus | Peleus | Scipio | Tyson | Tempest
Enemy Monsters: Agrius and Oreius | Arachne | Basilisk | Charybdis and Scylla | Chimera | Chrysaor | Clazmonian Sow | Colchis Bull | Echidna | Euryale | Geryon | Joe Bob | Kampê | Manticore | Medusa | Minotaur | Nemean Lion | Polyphemus | Sphinx | Stheno | Typhon | Scythian Dracanae
Neutral Monsters: Carnivorous Sheep | Cerberus | Erymanthian Boar | Gray Sisters | Gorgons | Furies | Flesh-Eating Horse | Gryphon | Siren

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